Minerals
Dietary Minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen present in common organic molecules. The term "mineral" is archaic, since the intent of the definition is to describe ions, not chemical compounds or actual minerals.

Dietitians may recommend including certain foods in your diet to target deficiencies in certain minerals or by juicing. Juicing vegetables is an easy way to get much needed mineral nutrition into one’s diet while avoiding an over supply that may create cardiac arrhythmias, tremors, weakness or nervous system malfunctions. Juicing allows your body’s digestive processes to decide what you need and what you don’t need.
Our body is deficient in many areas nutritionally, because it is unpalatable to eat the quantity of vegetables necessary to match our body’s mineral requirements. When man was gathering vegetation we would consume a great deal more than is possible in today’s busy culture. Who has six hours a day to eat? Look at the more primitive cultures, a great deal of time and effort is spent on gathering food and eating it.

These minerals (besides carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen) are required to support human biochemical processes by serving structural and functional roles as well as electrolytes:

Calcium (Ca) – Calcium is a primary structural constituent of the skeleton, but it is also widely distributed in soft tissue where it is involved in neuromuscular, enzymatic, hormonal, and other metabolic activity. The skeleton serves as a reservoir of calcium and other minerals.

Sources: Milk, yogurt, cheese, broccoli, kale, spinach, oranges, tofu, peanuts, peas, black beans, baked beans, salmon, sardines, sesame seeds, blackstrap molasses, corn tortillas, almonds, brown sugar.

Chloride (Cl-) – Chloride in the diet works with potassium and sodium, the two electrolytes, to control the flow of fluid in blood vessels and tissues, as well as regulating acidity in the body, and also forms part of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Chloride helps to alleviate fluid retention and helps to balance sodium, blood pH and assist in good kidney function.

Sources: Celery, kelp, olives, table salt, tomatoes

Cobalt (Co) (as part of Vitamin B-12) – Cobalt is a mineral constituent of cobalamin which is more commonly recognized as Vitamin B12. Cobalt helps form red blood cells and also maintains nerve tissue.

Sources: leafy vegetables, meat, liver, kidneys, milk, oysters, clams, sea vegetables, vitamin B12 supplements.

Copper (Cu) – Copper is indispensable to human health. Its many functions include the following: helping to form hemoglobin in the blood; facilitating the absorption and use of iron so that red blood cells can transport oxygen to tissues; assisting in the regulation of blood pressure and heart rate; strengthening blood vessels, bones, tendons, and nerves; promoting fertility; and insuring normal skin and hair pigmentation. Some evidence suggests that copper helps prevent cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure and heart arrhythmias and that it may help treat arthritis and scoliosis. Copper may also protect tissue from damage by free radicals, support the body's immune function, and contribute to preventing cancer.

Sources: Seafood and organ meats are the richest sources of copper. Molasses, nuts, seeds, green vegetables, black pepper, and cocoa, among others, also contain significant quantities

Iodine (I) – Iodine strongly influences nutrient metabolism, nerve and muscle function, nail, hair, skin and tooth condition, and physical and mental development. It is also believed that Iodine may help convert beta carotene into Vitamin A.

Sources: Clams, lobsters, oysters, sardines, saltwater fish. Asparagus, Dulse, Garlic, Kelp, Lima beans, Mushrooms, Seafood, Sea salt and fortified salt, Seaweed, Sesame seeds, Soybeans, Spinach, Summer squash, Swiss chard, Turnip greens.


Iron (Fe) – Iron is found in hemoglobin, which is the protein in red blood cells. This protein transports oxygen from the lungs to the various body tissues. Iron is also a component of myogolbin, a protein that provides extra fuel to muscles during exertion.

Sources: Chicken, chicken liver, oysters, beef, clams, turkey, tuna, halibut, crab, pork, shrimp.

Magnesium (Mg) – Magnesium is a key substance in the proper functioning of nerves and muscles. It is also needed for the healthy maintenance of bones. Magnesium is often coupled with Calcium in supplements because of its synergistic effects (it helps the body absorb the calcium better). It also helps protect the atrial lining from the stress of sudden blood pressure changes.

Sources: Pumpkin and squash seed kernels, Brazil nuts, Bran ready-to-eat cereal (100%), Halibut, Quinoa, Almonds, Spinach, Buckwheat flour, Cashews, Soybeans, Pine nuts, Mixed nuts, White beans, Black beans, Bulgur, Oat bran, Tuna, Artichokes (hearts), Peanuts, Lima beans, Beet greens, Navy beans, Tofu, Okra, Soy beverage, Cowpeas, Hazelnuts, brown rice.

Manganese (Mn) – The mineral Manganese is essential for the proper formation and maintenance of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue. It contributes to the synthesis of proteins and genetic material, and helps produce energy from foods. It also acts as an antioxidant and assists in normal blood clotting. Manganese is an important cofactor in the key enzymes of glucose metabolism. It has been found that a deficiency results in diabetes in guinea pigs as well as the frequent birth of offspring who develop pancreatic abnormalities or no pancreas at all. Another interesting fact is that diabetics have been shown to have half the level of manganese that normal individuals have.

Sources: brown rice, nuts, seeds, wheat germ, beans, whole grains, peas, bananas, oranges and strawberries.

Molybdenum (Mo) – The obscure element molybdenum is a component of the enzyme "xanthine oxidase" and an essential trace mineral. It helps generate energy, process waste for excretion, mobilize stored iron for the body's use, and detoxify sulfites (chemicals used as food preservatives). As such, molybdenum is key to normal growth and development, particularly of the nervous system. It is also an ingredient of tooth enamel and may help to prevent tooth decay. Molybdenum is also necessary for iron utilization, alcohol detoxification, and a component involved in the production of uric acid (a nitrogen waste product of protein metabolism). It may also act as an antioxidant and be important in normal sexual function in men. Molybdenum works with vitamin B2 in the conversion of food to energy.

Sources: peas, legumes, whole grains, pastas, dark-green leafy vegetables, yeast, milk, organ meats, dried beans, nuts and seeds, eggs, liver tomatoes, carrots.

Nickel (Ni) – Nickel activates such enzymes as arginase, trypsin, and carboxylase in the liver, and is also involved in glucose metabolism. It is an ultra trace mineral required for hormone, lipid, and membrane metabolism, as well as for basic cell integrity and for the growth of a healthy fetus. Significant amounts are found in the DNA and RNA and may act as a stabilizer of these nucleic acids.

Sources: Oatmeal, Dried peas and beans, Nuts, Chocolate.

Phosphorus (P) – Phosphorus is the second most plentiful "essential mineral" in the body and is a key component of DNA, RNA, bones, and teeth, and many other compounds required for life. It is present in many foods, especially in milk, and combines with calcium in the bones and teeth. It plays an important role in energy metabolism of the cells, affecting carbohydrates, lipids (fatty acids in the blood that also include cholesterol and triglycerides), and proteins. Like calcium, phosphorus is essential for bone formation and maintenance; more than 75% of phosphorus is contained in the skeletal structure and connective tissues. Phosphorus also stimulates muscle contraction and contributes to tissue growth and repair, energy production, nerve-impulse transmission, central nervous system health, and proper heart and kidney function.

Sources: meats, poultry, eggs, fish, nuts, dairy products, whole grains, and soft drinks.

Potassium (K) – Potassium is the third most abundant mineral in the body, after calcium and phosphorous. It is critical to maintain proper levels in the body. Potassium works closely with sodium and chloride to maintain fluid distribution and pH balance and to augment nerve-impulse transmission, muscle contraction, and regulation of heartbeat and blood pressure. It helps to reduce the rise in blood pressure during mental stress by reducing the blood constricting effects of adrenaline. Potassium is also required for protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, and insulin secretion by the pancreas. For diabetics, potassium supplementation yields improved insulin sensitivity, responsiveness and secretion. It works with sodium to regulate the body's water balance, aids in clear thinking by sending oxygen to the brain, helps to dispose of body wastes and aids in allergy treatment.

In one study, nutritional support to correct potassium deficiency resulted in significantly reduced rates of surgical complications. Other studies suggest that people who regularly eat potassium-rich foods are less likely to develop atherosclerosis, heart disease, and high blood pressure as well as strokes.

Sources: potatoes, beets, parsnips, turnips, rutabagas, melons, peaches, avocados, tomatoes, and bananas, squash, lentils, and beans, fish and white meat, whole milk, yogurt, buttermilk, raw nuts, molasses.

Selenium (Se) - Selenium is essential to mammals and higher plants in small amounts. It is said to stimulate the metabolism, and is an antioxidant, protecting cells and tissues from damage wrought by free radicals. Because its antioxidant effects complement those of Vitamin E, the two taken together, help reinforce each other. These two compounds together are extremely important in preventing free radical damage to cell membranes.

Selenium also supports immune function and neutralizes certain poisonous substances such as cadmium, mercury, and arsenic that may be ingested or inhaled. Although it's full therapeutic value is unknown, adequate selenium levels may help combat arthritis, deter heart disease and prevent cancer. Or to look at it another way, low levels selenium may put people at higher risk of cancer, cardio-vascular disease, inflammatory diseases and premature aging.

Sources: Whole grains, asparagus, garlic, eggs, mushrooms, lean meat and seafood

Sodium (Na) – All bodily fluids - including blood, tears, and perspiration - contain sodium. Together with potassium and chloride, sodium maintains fluid distribution and pH balance; with potassium, sodium also helps control muscle contraction and nerve function.

Sources: processed foods, soft drinks, meats, shellfish, condiments, snack foods, food additives. If you’re not eating any processed foods (good for you!) natural sources of sodium are barley, beets, beet greens, butter, carrot juice, celery, celeriac, cheese, dulse/kelp, goat milk, milk, buttermilk.

Sulfur (S) – Accounting for some 10% of the body's mineral content, sulfur is part of every cell, especially in the protein-rich tissues of hair, nails, muscle, and skin. It is an acid-forming mineral that is part of the chemical structure of the amino acids methionine, cysteine, taurine, and glutathione. It assists in metabolism as part of vitamin B1, biotin, and vitamin B5; helps regulate blood sugar levels as a constituent of insulin; and helps regulate blood clotting. Sulfur is also known to convert some toxic substances into nontoxic ones that can be excreted and therefore is used to treat poisoning from aluminum, cadmium, lead, and mercury.

Sulfur disinfects the blood, helps the body to resist bacteria, and protects the protoplasm of cells. It aids in the necessary oxidation reactions of the body, stimulates bile secretion, and because of its ability to protect against the harmful effects of radiation and pollution, it slows down the aging process. Finally, sulfur is needed for the synthesis of collagen, a principal protein that gives the skin its structural integrity. Truly an amazing and very much required essential mineral!

Sources: Kale, cabbage, cauliflower, horseradish, cranberries, meat, fish, egg yolks, onion, garlic.

Zinc (Zn) – Zinc is an extremely important mineral for many functions of our body - down to the very core structure of our cells. Zinc is integral to the synthesis of RNA and DNA, the genetic material that controls cell growth, division and function. In various proteins, enzymes, hormones, and hormone like substances called prostaglandins, zinc contributes to many bodily processes, including: bone development and growth, cell respiration, aiding enzymes in digestion and energy metabolism, wound healing, the liver's ability to remove toxic substances such as alcohol from the body, immune function, and the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure.

An adequate zinc intake enhances the ability to taste, promotes healthy skin and hair, enhances reproductive functions, and may improve short-term memory and attention span. As an anti-inflammatory agent, zinc is sometimes used to treat acne, rheumatoid arthritis, and prostatitis. Taking supplemental zinc can stimulate wound healing and may boost resistance to infection, especially in the elderly.

Zinc is a critical nutrient of immunity because it is involved in so many immune mechanisms including cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immunity, thuymus gland function and thymus hormone action. When zinc levels are low, the number of T cells is reduced and many white blood functions critical to the immune response are severely lacking. Like Vitamin C, zinc also possesses direct antiviral activity, including activity against several viruses that can cause the common cold.

Sources: dairy products, beef, lamb, pork, crabmeat, turkey, chicken, lobster, clams and salmon., peanuts, pumpkin seeds, beans, wholegrain cereals, brown rice, whole wheat bread, potato and yogurt.

Other minerals have yet to be determined to be necessary for humans, but scientists are still searching: arsenic, boron, bromine, cadmium, silicon, tungsten, vanadium, fluoride, chromium and cobalt.

 

We provide IV mineral mixes in combination to other nutrients to maximize optimum health.

 

Dr. Kenneth Lewandowski, DO - Medical Director
ER Physician 15+ Years: University Hospital, Newark NJ & Sports Medicine Private Practice 5 years

Jim Bock, RN - Clinical Director
Emergency / Trauma Nurse: University Hospital, Newark NJ, & Newton Memorial Hospital, Newton NJ

IV NUTRIENTS COMPANY, Inc. | (973) 313-0056 | 90 Millburn Ave., Suite 201 Millburn NJ 07041